Updated 2020 Aug 19   [16 May 20]    pdfs below, especially  Lane Rebels >> ending slavery

Historical TimeLine:  3 formats:  evoTimeLine.xlsx         evoTimeLine.pdf     evoTimeLine.htm

The campus of the Lane Seminary (1828-1910) of Walnut Hills 45206 is now the location on Gilbert Avenue of Thomson-MacConnell Cadillac.  A 2-sided Historical Marker is easily visited under the big sign.

2 short blocks north, from the west, Beecher Street terminates on Gilbert Avenue.  On the east side of Gilbert, between Martin Luther King Drive and Foraker Avenue is the Beecher homestead, established 1832 -- on land bequested by brothers William and Ebenezer Lane of New Orleans. 

The Lane Seminary, after 4 years of gathering funds, became the 3rd graduate school in Cincinnati, following the Medical School.  Later benefactors Arthur & Lewis Tappan of NYC provided $tartup,

including the 1832 move from Boston, via Hartford where Harriet's sis Catherine established 1823

Hartford Female Seminary where Harriet learned and taught 1827-32.  Western overland and easy boat ride to Cincy just at end of 1st cholera epidemic.  Thanksgiving dinner with uncles Foote @ 3rd&Vine welcomed the troop as new residence arose in Walnut Hills for the family of Reverend Lyman Beecher (1775-1863), Doctor of Divinity / first President of the Lane Theological Seminary. 

The family:  8 children of first wife Roxanna Foote who died in 1816; and 4 more with second wife Harriet Porter prior to her death in 1835.  That same year, Roxanna's 7th child, Harriet Elizabeth Beecher (1811-1896) at 24, suffered the loss of her 3-year friend Eliza, childless first wife of Calvin Stowe, Doctor of Divinity, Lane Professor of Biblical Literature.  The following year, 1836 January, Harriet married widower Calvin - becoming:  Harriet Beecher Stowe.

Harriet and Calvin were members of the Cincinnati literary Semi-Colon Club established by her uncles John and Samuel Foote, with other Cincinnati nobles of generally New England origins, including Dr. Daniel Drake, family Doctor; Elizabeth Blackwell (1st US female MD), and Salmon P. Chase.  A generous report on the Semi-Colon Club is provided by Louis L. Tucker, former Director of Historical Societies:  Cincinnati, then New York, and Massachusetts.  Roxanna's closest brother, John Foote, here 1819 when Cincinnati was chartered, was perhaps the quintessential heart and soul of Cincinnati. 

Harriet's other uncle, adventurer Samuel Edmond Foote, sailed around Cape Horn and back twice!  With new bride, arriving 1828, Samuel's grand home at 3rd & Vine, extending to 4th, completed 1829, topped rental offices fronting 3rd St, generally known as "Foote's Row".  Adjacent neighbor's included in the development accommodated the William Greenes and Charles Stetsons.[1]

The Walnut Hills Beecher homestead is now the Harriet Beecher Stowe House, in conjunction with Cincinnati Parks, under administration of the Ohio History Connection, previously known as the Ohio Historical Society.

Pursuant to the 1820 Missouri Compromise devised by U.S. House Speaker Henry Clay of Kentucky, in 1827 New York abolished slavery while Clay served as Secretary of State under John Quincy Adams.

From Beecher's Boston church, William Lloyd Garrison co-presided with Arthur Tappan 1833 July:  the first American Anti-Slavery Society Convention, in Philadelphia; then Tappan >

forwarded to the [Lane Seminary] students a copy of the address issued by the convention, and the whole subject was soon under discussion [around Cincinnati].  Many of the students were from the south; an effort was made to stop the discussions and the meetings; slaveholders went over from Kentucky and incited mob violence; and for several weeks Dr. Beecher lived in a turmoil, not knowing how soon the rabble might destroy the seminary and the houses of the professors. [2]

This led to the first formal, documented (1834 link below) debate among students in America about slavery and its abolition.  In February 1834, the student-driven debate and formation of the Lane Seminary Student Anti-Slavery Society led to the 1834 November student revolt; many to Oberlin College, also struggling into formation.

www.LaneRebelsMovie.com  2019 February Premier in Cincinnati !!

and more...  Fourth Wall Films

The undisputed leader of the Rebels was Theodore Dwight Weld, who married Angelina Grimke.

Previously, founding President of Trustees, Joshua Lacy Wilson (1828-31) resigned in a huff, to be followed by Hon. Nathaniel Wright.  Later, Rev Wilson presiding at the "Old School" First Presbyterian Church (continuing at west Garfield Park) twice led indictments of Lyman Beecher, presiding at the "New School" Second Presbyterian Church at 4th & Race.  Beecher twice prevailed.

Founding Recording Secretary was Robert Boal, jr, a Cincinnati Dry Goods merchant, and Presbyterian whose brother Thomas came with namesake 5-year young son Robert in 1811, the year Harriet was born.   When nephew Robert (1806-1903) was 10 his father Thomas died in 1816 concurrent with the death in Connecticut of Harriet's mother.  Thomas may have started the business carried forward by Robert, jr

So young Robert Boal was raised by his namesake Cincinnati uncle Robert Boal, jr and graduated 1828 from the Ohio Medical College of Cincinnati 9 years after its 1819 founding by Dr. Daniel Drake (not connected with Lane Seminary).  (Starting in Pennsylvania, the trail of slaveholder grandfather Major Robert Boal is sketchy.)

In accord with the students, one might surmise, Dr. Robert Boal (1806-1903) migrated (1835-6) ) to Illinois, when the capitol was (1819-1839) in Vandalia, the terminus of the "National Road" he may have traveled (now US 40 / I-70); then heading North of Peoria to settle Lacon, on the Illinois River, where he became State Senator 1844-48, and mentored 5-year younger Abe Lincoln, State representative 1834-42, through Illinois politics to become US Rep 1847-49; and 1856 formation of the Republican Party >

said formation - in response to the brash initiative designed by U.S. Senator (1847-1861) Democrat Stephen A. Douglas expanding allowance of slavery beyond the new state of Missouri - west to Kansas and north to Nebraska. 

Sen. Douglas beat Lincoln to win his third term; but failed in bid for Mary Todd who opted for Abe; and then Douglas failed again in his 1861 bid for President.

Dr. Boal's 3rd generation view of slavery and lessons conveyed from Lane by his uncle Dad may have instilled moral clarity inspiring Abe's transition from Kentucky roots to the 1854 moral courage effecting abolition.  The linked 1854 event occurred in the first of Boal's two terms (1854-58) in the Illinois House of Representatives, having previously served in the Senate 1844-48.


Below are records of the Lane Seminary in pdf documents available from

                        https://archive.org/projects/    search:  Lane Seminary   

pdfs    (improved with bookmarks and hiLites)

1829-99_people  (20M140pgs  catalog and index; 2 pics of campus

1886_inaugural  (2M)  Address by Rev Roberts

1871-72_catalog  (1M)  Academic year courses

1848_history  (1M)  Tortuous recount of unlikely success in pursuit of Dr. Beecher of Boston, the sine qua non foundation of the fledgling Lane Seminary

1834_LaneRebels (3M)  Earliest witness to formative events of 1834  > pursuant to end of slavery

John Rankin's Appeal to Lane Admin on Behalf of Students

1828-81_people  (4M)  less complete predecessor of the 1829-99 document.


[1] Centennial history of Cincinnati and representative citizens, Charles Theodore Greve 1904   pg 698 http://books.google.com/books?id=eJxABLtxX60C&dq=1880%20cincinnati

[2] (https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Appletons%27_Cyclop%C3%A6dia_of_American_Biography/Beecher,_Lyman)